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Purim  פּוּרִים

On the fourteenth and fifteenth days of the twelfth month is the feast of Purim Purim פּוּרִים, which commemorates a historical event, the removal of vizier Haman - the arch-enemy of Judeans living in the Persian Empire. Haman achieved the issue of a royal decree which ordered the killing of all Judeans in the Persian empire under the reign of Xerxes I (Akhashverosh אֲהַשְׁוֵרוֹשׁ). He did this with the help of intrigues. This cruel decree was canceled due to the efforts of the faithful Judean Mordecai son of Yair מָרְדְּכַי הַצַדִּיק Mordekhai hatzadik from the tribe Banjamin.

Mordecai son of Yair was a man loyal to the king.


The Judeans were rescued also thanks to Mordecai's niece, Queen Ester אֶסְתֵּר הַמַּלְכָּה Ester hamalka.

The Feast of Purim differs (during both two days) from the common day due to the special prayers said ion this day תְּפִלַּת עֶרֶב יוֹם פּוּרִים Tefilat erev Yom Purim.

Purim also differs from the common day because it is a custom to be merry during this feast and to distribute gifts to friends, family, poor people and children.

Purim is a children's holiday, it brings a lot of joy and merriment to the children.

And Mordecai wrote these things, and sent letters unto all the Jews that were in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, both nigh and far, to enjoin them that they should keep the fourteenth day of the month Adar (it is the twelfth month), and the fifteenth day of the same, yearly, the days wherein the Jews had rest from their enemies, and the month which was turned unto them from sorrow to gladness, and from mourning into a good day; that they should make them days of feasting and gladness, and of sending portions one to another, and gifts to the poor. And the Jews took upon them to do as they had begun, and as Mordecai had written unto them. (Est 9: 20-23)